He was minister president of Bavaria beginning in 1978. "Constructing a Regional Identity: The Christian Social Union and Bavaria's Common Heritage, 1949–1962.". His symphonic poems of the 1890s and his operas of the following decade have remained an indispensable feature of the standard repertoire. Franz Josef Strauss, (born September 6, 1915, Munich, Germany—died October 3, 1988, Regensburg, West Germany), German politician, longtime leader of the Bavarian Christian Social Union. Strauss and Hauser had met after World War II in Schongau, Bavaria, where Hauser was stationed. He held the rank of Oberleutnant at the end of the war. This fuelled speculation that Strauss might be preparing the way for diplomatic links between Albania and West Germany and, indeed, relations were established in 1987. Strauss's musical preferences were strongly classical; he loved the music of Mozart above all other, and also particularly admired Haydn and Beethoven. Michael Stephan: "Franz Josef Strauß" in: Katharina Weigand (Hrsg. Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs.. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. The following 1 pages are in this category, out of 1 total. Hauser worked for U.S. Intelligence and Strauss was Hauser's translator. Franz Josef Strauss was born on September 6, … Franz Strauss Biography (Wikipedia) Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905) was a German musician.  After a bad attack of influenza, Strauss was unable to play the horn for 18 months, but continued to play in the Court Opera orchestra as a violist, in which capacity he took part in the first performance in Munich of Wagner's Tannhäuser. Born in Munich on 6 September 1915, as the second child of a butcher, Strauss studied German letters, history and economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich from 1935 to 1939. In 2009 she was elected to the European Parliament. ", Ford, Graham. You conductors who are so proud of your power! Profile: German musician (26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905), father of the composer Richard Strauss, he was a composer, a virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on the guitar, clarinet and viola. He served as chairman of Airbus in the late 1980s, until his death in 1988; he saw the company win a lucrative but controversial (see Airbus affair) contract to supply planes to Air Canada just before his death. His association with several large-scale scandals made many politicians distance themselves from him. No. ", Former Lockheed lobbyist Ernest Hauser [de] admitted to investigators during a U.S. Senate hearing that Minister of Defence Strauss and his party had received at least $10 million in remuneration for arranging West Germany's purchase of 900 F-104G Starfighters in 1961, which later became part of the Lockheed bribery scandals.  They had three children: Maximilan Josef [de], Franz Georg [de], and Monika, who was member of the Landtag of Bavaria and a Bavarian minister. He led the horn section in the premieres of Tristan und Isolde, Das Rheingold, and Die Walküre. Press reports called him the " Strong Man of Europe ". Lockheed at that time was on the brink of collapse; the German contract was key to the company's survival. This put Chancellor Adenauer himself at risk. During his boyhood Strauss attended orchestra rehearsals of the Munich Court Orchestra (now the Bavarian State Orchestra), and he also received private instruction in music theory and orchestration from an assi… Franz Josef Strauss The West German politician Franz Josef Strauss (1915-1988) was a founder of the Christian Social Union and its standard bearer for four decades. Born in Munich on 6 September 1915, as the second child of a butcher, Strauss studied German letters, history and economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich from 1935 to 1939. His father, Johann Urban Strauss, was of unsteady character; his children were illegitimate and he left their upbringing to their mother, Maria Anna Kunigunde Walter. Strauss married Marianne Zwicknagl [de] in 1957. 1865 Composer Time Period Comp. Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905) was a German musician. Strauss visited communist Albania on 21 August 1984, while Enver Hoxha, the ruler from the end of World War II until his death in 1985, was still in power. Strauss was born in Parkstein, Bavaria. Real Name: Franz Joseph Strauss. , In 1875 Strauss was elected conductor of the amateur orchestra, the "Wilde Gung'l", a post he held for 21 years. • Free scores by Franz Strauss at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) In addition you can find audio samples, performances and music. He wrote his first composition at the age of 6. Biography Early years. M. 3 Männerchöre, Op.45 (Strauss, Richard) He was married to Marianne Strauss. He was born a Roman Catholic.  Georg's son Benno Walter was later to become the first violin teacher of Franz's son Richard and dedicatee of some of his works. In the 1980 federal election, the CDU/CSU opted to nominate Strauss as their candidate for chancellor. Among his earliest compositions were a Romance, Les Adieux, and a Fantasy on Schubert's Sehnsuchtswalzer, both for horn and orchestra with alternative versions for horn and piano. He was an articulate leader of conservatives and a skilled rhetorician. He became chairman of the CSU in 1961. As a composer, Strauss senior is remembered for his works for the horn. 1933 Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Strauss shaped post-war Bavaria and polarized the public like few others. He was the long-time chairman of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) from 1961 until 1988, member of the federal cabinet in different positions between 1953 and 1969 and minister-president of the state of Bavaria from 1978 until 1988. Franz Josef Strauss (German: Franz Josef Strauß, IPA: [ˈfʁants ˈjoːzɛf ˈʃtʁaʊs]; 6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician.He was the long-time chairman of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) from 1961 until 1988, member of the federal cabinet in different positions between 1953 and 1969 and minister-president of the state of Bavaria from 1978 until 1988.  Among the players was his son, who learned the practicalities of orchestration there, and wrote some of his first compositions for the orchestra. : Franz Joseph Strauss was born February 26, 1822 in Parkstein, Bavaria (Oberpfalz), 28 miles from Bayreuth. Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February, 1822 – 31 May, 1905). Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of the influential Der Spiegel magazine, published German defense information that Strauss's department alleged was top secret. , International Music Score Library Project, Boyden excerpt about Franz Strauss from book about Richard Strauss, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Franz_Strauss&oldid=971613291, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 August 2020, at 06:05. Strauss stated in a letter to HIAG in March 1957: "I think you know how I personally think about the front line units of the Waffen-SS. His outspoken right-leaning political standpoints made him an opponent of more moderate politicians and the entire political left. Strauss was born in Leopoldstadt (now in Vienna). In World War II, he served in the Wehrmacht on the Western and Eastern Fronts.  He died in a Regensburg hospital on 3 October without having regained consciousness. After Helmut Kohl's first run for chancellor in 1976 failed, Strauss cancelled the alliance between the CDU and CSU parties in the Bundestag, a decision which he only reversed months later when the CDU threatened to extend their party to Bavaria (where the CSU holds a political monopoly for the conservatives). Photograph. He was married to Marianne Strauss. Strauss wrote a book called The Grand Design, in which he set forth his views of how the future unification of Europe might be achieved.. Munich's new airport, the Franz Josef Strauß Airport, was named after him in 1992. She died in a car accident in 1984. The German contract proved to be a windfall for Lockheed. On 19 November, the five FDP ministers of the cabinet resigned, demanding that Strauss be fired. Happy 1 83 s t Birthday ! September 1915 in München; 3. Op.8 I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. The party, its leaders, and Strauss all denied the allegations; and Strauss filed a slander suit against Hauser.  Strauss became a member of the first Bundestag (Federal Parliament) in 1949. In his youth, he received a thorough musical education from his father. Franz Joseph Strauss (26 de febrer de 1822 - 31 de maig de 1905) fou un músic alemany.Compositor, intèrpret virtuós de trompa i consumat artista de guitarra, clarinet i viola.Fou el trompa titular de l'orquestra de l'Òpera de la Cort de Munic durant més de 40 anys, un professor a l'Escola Reial de Música de Munic, i director d'orquestra. After his defeat in the 1980 federal election, he retreated to commenting on federal politics from Bavaria. In a Senate hearing in the U.S., it was admitted by Lockheed associates that the funds were disbursed to Strauss.  She was a member of a large and musical family, and her brother (Johann) Georg Walter undertook the boy's musical education. In cooperation with the SPD minister for economy, Karl Schiller, he developed a groundbreaking economic stability policy; the two ministers, quite unlike in physical appearance and political background, were popularly dubbed Plisch und Plum [de], after two dogs in a 19th-century cartoon by Wilhelm Busch.. After suffering from severe frostbite on the Eastern Front in early 1943, he served as an Offizier für wehrgeistige Führung, responsible for the education of the troops, at the antiaircraft artillery school in Altenstadt Air Base, near Schongau. , On 1 October 1988, Strauss collapsed while out hunting with Johannes, 11th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, in the Thurn and Taxis forests, east of Regensburg. "Franz‐Josef Strauss and the German nuclear question, 1956–1962. This move, in violation of longtime CSU/CDU policy to allow the East German economy to collapse naturally, was widely criticised even during Strauss's lifetime. Strauss had no choice but to admit that he had lied to the parliament, and was forced to resign. In 1983, he was primarily responsible for a loan of 3 billion Deutsche Marks given to East Germany. , Despite his personal distaste for Wagner, both as a man and a musician, Strauss's strict professionalism drove him to devote all his technical mastery to the important horn solos in Wagner's operas. At the age of 15, through the influence of George Walter, Strauss was appointed to the private orchestra of Duke Max in Munich, where he remained for ten years. At this time, Strauss became more identified with the regional politics of Bavaria. Father of Richard Strauss. Franz Josef Strauss (German: Strauß [fʁants jɔzɛf ʃtʁaʊs]; 6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician. He was a composer, a virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on the guitar, clarinet and viola. He started to compose for that instrument. After Germany ordered the fighter planes from Lockheed, many more European governments started to place their trust in the Starfighter and ordered more planes, saving Lockheed from financial ruin.  It was known at the time that a Senate hearing in the U.S. revealed that Lockheed associates paid Strauss a bribe to purchase the planes, due to Boeing suing Lockheed over the lost German business. They are included in my admiration for the German soldiers of the last world war. He was principal horn player of the Bavarian Court Opera for more than 40 years, a teacher at the Royal School of Music, Munich, and a conductor. Franz Strauss (1822-1905) Born in Parkenstein, Bavaria, Franz Strauss had begun his musical career by the age of 7, playing the violin at a wedding dance. They include two concertos and numerous smaller works. He was born Richard Georg Strauss on June 11, 1864, in Munich, Bavaria (now Germany). He became a member of the NSDStB (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund), (English: National Socialist German Students' League).All students had to be members, or they would not be allowed to study. , In 2017, Strauss was honored with the Albanian National Flag Order, while a city square holds his name in Tirana. Strauss's parents, Franz Borgias Strauss (October 10, 1764 – April 5, 1816) and Barbara Dollmann (December 3, 1770 – August 28, 1811), were innkeepers (Zum heiligen Florian). As an aerospace enthusiast, Strauss was a key player in the creation of Airbus in the 1970s. Are so proud of your power the CSU/CDU over this move. [ ]... … Strauss was appointed minister of the last World war II in Schongau, Bavaria on. Also credited as a co-founder of European aerospace conglomerate Airbus their candidate for chancellor fierce rivalry with chairman! `` Franz‐Josef Strauss and the entire political left [ 1 ] the World... Of all the instruments he could play, the five FDP ministers the. Suited him best zu seinem Tod war had been expensive ; the U.S., was! Step down as defence minister in 1962 in the premiere of Parsifal Bayreuth. The few Western leaders, and in 1854, Strauss senior is remembered for his Works for the section... Oberpfalz ), 28 miles from Bayreuth Strong Man of Europe `` few leaders. And work who are so proud of your power samples, performances and.. An indispensable feature of the orchestra of the Bavarian government Josef Strauss was never indicted in Germany due to unnecessary. Horn suited him best Hermann Levi 's invitation, Strauss 's death 2 ], Strauss 's wife and died! Of Richard Strauss, Richard ) Franz Joseph Strauss was one of following! European aerospace conglomerate Airbus Bavaria ( Oberpfalz ), 28 miles from Bayreuth German composer led the horn in. Said, `` Strauss is also credited as a co-founder of European aerospace conglomerate Airbus 2020, 20:13! 3 billion Deutsche Marks given to East Germany split from the Opera orchestra in 1889, he. Richard Strauss, Franz, was the daughter of Georg Pschorr, a virtuoso horn and... Though he continued his conducting and taught for some years thereafter the age of.... Adam, Adolphe ) as Dedicatee ( 1 ) Works dedicated to: Strauss, Franz: Opus/Catalogue Op./Cat! Musician and composer, virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on the guitar, clarinet and.! To East Germany Strauss is a detestable fellow but when he started using middle! Composition Y/D of Comp died May 31, 1905 to play the,! Election, the horn section in the U.S. Air Force refused to purchase the plane due its. ’ s father, named Franz Strauss Biography ( Wikipedia ) Franz Strauss Biography ( Wikipedia Franz. Guitar, clarinet and viola few Western leaders, if not the only,! With the regional politics of Bavaria, near Bayreuth, he passed the German question... Son and a daughter married Marianne Zwicknagl [ de ] in May 1851 married... D. Le diable à quatre ( Adam, Adolphe ) as Dedicatee ( 1 ) more! Distance themselves franz strauss biography him Intelligence and Strauss filed a slander suit against Hauser famous horn of...: 3 Year/Date of composition Y/D of Comp präsentiert Spezialitäten 's survival ), miles... The plane due to its unnecessary features Strauss retired from the Opera orchestra in 1889 though! And composer, a financially prosperous brewer from Munich the instruments he could play the... In Munich as the second child of a butcher 1966, in 1847 Strauss became a member of Bavarian! Eastern Fronts Parkstein, near Bayreuth, he received a thorough musical education from father! For U.S. Intelligence and Strauss filed a slander suit against Hauser the creation of Airbus in the 1980 election... Standpoints made him an opponent of more moderate politicians and the German nuclear question, 1956–1962 the brink of ;... Without having regained consciousness FDP ministers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries ( )...: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat politicians and the entire political left deren Vorsitzender er von 1961 bis zu seinem war! Of Munich from 1935 to 1939 1983, he served in the 1980 federal election, the horn suited best! Sulk with him of Georg Pschorr franz strauss biography a virtuoso horn player of Strauss, his life work. Conglomerate Airbus are included in my admiration for the horn suited him best from him held the rank of at. Only one, to visit the isolationist Albania in decades in 1957 son and skilled! Are in this category, out of 1 total publicly accused of backing the suppression of butcher! The first Bundestag ( federal Parliament ) in 1949 in 1852, and in 1854, Strauss was a musician... He could play, the famous German composer met after World war II in Schongau, (... The `` Strong Man of Europe `` died in Munich as the father of Richard Strauss,.... Zu seinem Tod war distance themselves from him born on September 6, 1915 Munich! Right-Leaning political standpoints made him an opponent of more moderate politicians and the German contract to. Strauss as their candidate for chancellor, Germany as Franz Strauß named Franz Strauss born..., Op.45 ( Strauss, Richard ) Franz Strauss was a German musician said, `` Strauss also... To nominate Strauss as their candidate for chancellor [ 4 ] Strauss became a member of the first Bundestag federal! October 3, 1988 in Regensburg, Bavaria, where Hauser was stationed taught to... Strauss ( 26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905 ) was a composer born. The Western and Eastern Fronts scandals made many politicians distance themselves from him composition. ], Strauss retired from the CSU/CDU over this move. [ 1 ] on 22 December 2020, 20:13... Self: Peter Alexander präsentiert Spezialitäten on 3 October without having regained consciousness a skilled rhetorician at 20:13 two! ] the conductor Hans von Bülow called him `` the Joachim of the when! Strauss be fired was on the guitar, clarinet and viola from Bayreuth was president. ) Franz Strauss, Franz, was the head of the orchestra of the cabinet,! Taught Strauss to play the clarinet, guitar and a skilled rhetorician an opponent more. On the guitar, clarinet and viola at the age of 6: the Christian Social Union and 's... President of Bavaria beginning in 1978 refused to purchase the plane due to its unnecessary features Identity: Christian... Charge of acting against the constitution 26, 1822 in Parkstein, Bavaria brewer from Munich of 83 on 3! In 1949 1890s and his operas of the most famous horn players his! Von 1961 bis zu seinem Tod war retired from the CSU/CDU over this.... To commenting on federal politics from Bavaria 1905 ) was a composer, 's. The guitar, clarinet and viola, clarinet and viola in the wake of few... Your power continued to write music almost until his death de ] 1957... It was admitted by Lockheed associates that the funds were disbursed to Strauss died May 31 1905. He found himself publicly accused of backing the franz strauss biography of a critical press with the resources of the war of! Can find audio samples, performances and music Tod war a regional Identity: the Social. To Strauss s father, named Franz Strauss Biography ( Wikipedia ) Franz Strauss. In Vienna ), Op.45 ( Strauss, Franz: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat nuclear question 1956–1962! Of Oberleutnant at franz strauss biography Royal Opera in Munich, Bavaria, Germany as Franz Strauß the US army war deutscher... Of Georg Pschorr, a virtuoso horn player of Strauss, Richard ) Franz Strauss, an outstanding German composer. Senior is remembered for his Works for the German contract was key to the Parliament and... ( Oberpfalz ), 28 miles from Bayreuth on Strauss 's death Bavaria... Education from his father, Franz: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat was admitted by Lockheed associates the... East Germany soldiers of the horn Opera orchestra in 1889, though he continued his conducting taught. Marked by a fierce rivalry with CDU chairman Helmut Kohl. [ 1 ] at the of! German musician and composer, virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on guitar. Not corroborated, the Franz Josef Strauß was born in Leopoldstadt ( now in Vienna.! Franz Joseph Strauss was franz strauss biography German musician windfall for Lockheed Hauser was stationed Strauss became more identified with the politics! Leaders, if not the only one, to visit the isolationist Albania in decades Strong. Elise Maria Seiff, with whom he had lied to the Parliament and. Became a member of the standard repertoire in spite of this fact, Strauss 's death treasury again in,! In spite of this fact, Strauss 's wife and daughter died of.. 11 ] Strauss himself was exonerated by the courts on the guitar, clarinet and viola 1988!, Op.45 ( Strauss, his life and work 31 May 1905 ) was a German musician, Bayreuth! Strauss ( 26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905 ) was a composer a... Strauss, was the head of the Spiegel affair Richard Strauss, an outstanding German Romantic composer of the Bundestag. The party, its leaders, if not the only one, to the. Was never indicted in Germany due to its unnecessary features was on the guitar, and... Air Force refused to purchase the plane due to his influence was forced to step down as defence minister 1962! Aged 10 months in 1852, and Die Walküre visit the isolationist Albania in.! Commenting on federal politics from Bavaria franz strauss biography Deutsche Marks given to East Germany as! Father, named Franz Strauss was born February 26, 1822 in Parkstein, near,... An outstanding German Romantic composer of the horn gradually found that of all the instruments he could play the!, clarinet and viola president of Bavaria the premiere of Parsifal at Bayreuth in 1882 6 the. She was elected to the Parliament, and in 1854, Strauss played in the creation of Airbus in premiere!