Quiz. The line graph shows New Zealand’s population increasing from 800,000 people in 1900 to five million people in 2020. The population was given as 815,862, consisting of 43,112 Māori, 31 Moriori, and 772,719 others. Those beliefs formed the foundation of the traditional religion practiced in New Zealand. Whereas the Empire had a total population of 384 million in 1900, India alone has a population of 1.3 billion today. The country comprises two main islands—the North and South islands—and a number of small islands, some of them hundreds of miles from the main group. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? New Zealand’s first parliamentary elections were held in 1853. The âHungry Eighties' and concern over problems associated with the Old World saw the emergence of movements and people seeking social reform. Few struck it rich on the goldfields, but the collective value of the gold that was discovered kick-started the economy. Showing the Maori Population of New Zealand according to the Results of a Census taken in March, 1901. As a result questions were asked about the place of the family and women in New Zealand society. World Economics makes available of world’s most comprehensive GDP database covering over 130 countries with historical GDP PPP data from 1870-2019, building on the lifetimes work of Angus Maddison. Under the leadership of British statesman Edward G. Wakefield, the first British colonists to New Zealand arrive at Port Nicholson on Auckland Island. As the 1860s drew to a close gold production fell and wool prices slipped. Owning land was an obvious sign of success. The transformation of New Zealand from a MÄori to a non-MÄori world was complete. Minority rights and race-related issues continue to play an important role in New Zealand politics. With the arrival of Vogel immigrants also saw the introduction of more and more industry as the population grew and was able to support more technology. The 1898 Old-Age Pensions Act offered a small means-tested pension to destitute older people 'deemed to be of good character'. MÄori had continued to resist the loss of land. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. New Zealand was now able to position itself as âBritain's farmyard' by exporting meat, butter and cheese. The ascent of Mount Everest by New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary with Sherpa Tenzing Norgay in 1953 was one of the defining moments of the 20th century. MALE FEMALE TOTAL Mongonui County 868 599 1467 Bay of Islands County 1255 925 2180 Hokianga County 367 221 588 Hobson County 1754 1097 2851 Whangarei County 2254 1699 3953 Rodney County 2217 1716 3933 This was more than a matter of self-sufficiency. Page 4. A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the country but it was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire. But New Zealand’s economic growth was very sluggish between 1950 and the early 1990s, and most Western European countries, as well as several in East Asia, overtook New Zealand in terms of real per capita income. 204-226. Economically the country was dependent on the export of agricultural products, especially to Great Britain. The resident population of New Zealand reached 1 million in 1908. The sizing of the county polygons remains consistent across throughout the visualization, for example allowing the magnitude of San Francisco's population in 1900 to be compared to the Sacramento's 1980 population. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Multinational food companies are moving their processing plants to Australia so that New Zealand-grown food often finds its way back via that country. In addition to women's suffrage the Liberal government introduced a number of social welfare measures to protect New Zealand's most vulnerable. An armed force ran amok in the undefended settlement. However, the pre-1966 returns have been destroyed with the exception of a few for the Maori population (1891-Family History Library film 449437, item 2 ; 1911-Family History Library film 449444, item 8 ). Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. 2, pp. The total population in New Zealand was estimated at 5.0 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures. Alcohol, it was argued, caused men to forget their responsibilities to their families. Author of. miles). New Zealand's isolation was at an end. of the Males and Females under and over 15 Years in the Principal Maori Tribes, according to the Results of the Census of March, 1901. Source: Statistics New Zealand / Te Tari Tatau (web). Identify the one with the larger population. Source United Nations Population Division . Europe's ‘explosion outwards’ during the 18th and 19th centuries reached New Zealan… There was an acceptance that the government had a responsibility in helping settlers realise their dreams and access to land became an important part of the political agenda. Thereafter it was successively a crown colony, a self-governing colony (1856), and a dominion (1907). A significant demographic milestone was reached in 1886 - for the first time the majority of non-MÄori people living here were New Zealand-born rather than immigrants. NCEA history historical and predicted populations (both sexes) for the period 1950-2100 (millions) De facto population in New Zealand as of 1 July of the year indicated. By the 1920s it controlled almost all of its internal and external policies, although it did not become fully independent until 1947, when it adopted the Statute of Westminster. Chart and table of New Zealand population from 1950 to 2021. Dominated by the values and the ambitions of the new settlers, New Zealand now resembled a nation in the modern sense of the word. Various schemes were developed to attract women migrants and families to New Zealand in a bid to help society mature. II. Canterbury lived literally on the âsheep's back' to became the country's wealthiest province. As New Zealand entered the final third of the 19th century the South Island dominated the economy, largely due to the impact of wool and gold. Te Whiti and Tohu were imprisoned and sent into exile in the South Island. The settlement's leaders Te Whiti-o-Rongomai and Tohu KÄkahi encouraged their followers to uproot survey pegs and plough up roads and fences erected on land they considered to be theirs. Two million was … Belgium in 1900 had more people than the Netherlands. The Liberal era is synonymous with Richard John Seddon, Premier from 1893 until his death in 1906. Thousands of young men rushed to New Zealand hoping to make their fortune as they followed the gold from Otago to the West Coast and later to Thames in the North Island… At the census of 1881, the year in which taxation was first imposed on Chinese landing in New Zealand, the Chinese population numbered 5,004 persons. New Zealand's wetapunga, one of the heaviest insects in the world, can weigh more than a sparrow. The scheduled census for 2011 was postponed to 2013 due to the devastating effect of the earthquake that hit Christchurch on February 22, 2011. It is the nature and consequences of these changes that are the basis of this broad survey of New Zealand in the 19th century. Omissions? Looking back, in the year of 1960, New Zealand had a population of 2.4 million people. Over the last 50 years, population of New Zealand grew substantially from 2.85 million to 4.96 million persons rising at an increasing annual rate that reached a maximum of 4.96% in 1991 and then decreased to 0.77% in 2020. Professor of Economics, University of Auckland, New Zealand. These concerns also reflected the development of a more settled urban society. In the five years 1901–6 the number of Australians in New Zealand increased from 26,991 to 47,256. New Zealand is a land of great contrasts and diversity. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Most continued to see themselves as British and referred to Britain as âhome'. Which Country Is Larger By Population? The current population of Australia in 2021 is 25,788,215, a 1.13% increase from 2020.; The population of Australia in 2020 was 25,499,884, a 1.18% increase from 2019.; The population of Australia in 2019 was 25,203,198, a 1.23% increase from 2018. They were the first European visitors to New Zealand since Abel Tasman's brief encounter in 1642. The discovery of gold in Central Otago in 1861 helped Dunedin become New Zealand's largest town. The 2020 figures are provisional. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Tell me more... 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Improved internal communications increased the sense that New Zealand was a single nation rather than a collection of separate settlements. The Liberals' vision for âGod's own country' also saw more MÄori land obtained for settlement. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The provincial governments that had been established in the 1850s were abolished in 1876 and national politics began to assume greater importance. The large runholders of the South Island in particular were taxed heavily in a bid to free up more land for settlement. Government assisted immigration schemes also saw the settler population double during the 1870s to around 500,000. The North Island was beginning to assert itself economically, especially the cities of Auckland and Wellington. Provincial and central governments believed that the country's future growth and progress required the order and stability offered by family life. New Zealand administers the South Pacific island group of Tokelau and claims a section of the Antarctic continent. 52, No. Source: T. Papps, ‘Growth and distribution of population.’ In Population of New Zealand / Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 12, 2 vols. Otherwise horses dominated everything else. New Zealand Population Projections. Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago. New Zealand also has a unique array of vegetation and animal life, much of which developed during the country’s prolonged isolation. The declining population is expected to continue in the years to come in New Zealand, but the population will still be growing- just at a slower rate. New York: United Nations, 1985, vol. Perhaps you have a related experience you would like to share? Panoramic view of Christchurch and Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand. In 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, an agreement between the British Crown and Maori. In the early 21st century, Asians were the fastest-growing demographic group. Heyy, Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. A recurring theme in this debate was the place of alcohol in New Zealand society. China’s population in 1900, during the Qing Empire, was only about a third of the People’s Republic of China’s population of 1.4 billion today. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team. Wind to power ships or mills. 1, tables 8 & 17; Ian Pool, Te iwi Maori: a New Zealand population, past, present & projected. The market for land dried up. The economists and New Zealand population: problems and policies 1900–1980s. Ex-classroom Wellington Harbour, Wellington, New Zealand. The New Zealand government department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. 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